Besides Tanah Lot and Uluwatu, there is still many iconic temples to visit in South Bali, as one of them is Bali Taman Ayun Temple. A beautiful royal temple in Mengwi with unique architecture and pond surrounds.
Translate ke Bahasa Indonesia: Fakta Menarik Yang Perlu Diketahui Tentang Pura Taman Ayun
Literally, name of Taman Ayun Temple comes from word “Taman” means “Garden” and “Ayun” means ”Beautiful” so that it can be interpreted as a place with a beautiful garden.
Taman Ayun Temple is a royal heritage of Mengwi, which has an area of 4 hectares with iconic temple buildings, a beautiful garden, and a large pond surround. The most recommended place for those who want a place with ancient traditional style during holiday.
Its temple buildings in Taman Ayun have a main characteristic of the towering roof with 1 – 11 levels, which it is called as “Meru” by local people. Area of the temples seem like floating in a large pond.
Taman Ayun was built by I Gusti Agung Putu Raja (King of Mengwi) between 1632– 1634. At first, the building was based because of nothing temple close to Mengwi.
As time went time by the temple had been renovated several times. The major renovation was done in 1937 for Kori Agung (magnificent gate), Gapura Bentar (split gate), and construction of Wantilan (Balinese Pavilion).
Pujawali Ceremony (anniversary day of the temple) is always held every 6 months (210 days) in Caka Calender, exactly on Selasa Kliwon Wuku Medangsia (20 days after Galungan Day). During the anniversary day, the local community decorate temple buildings and holds religious rituals.
As Other Balinese Temples, Taman Ayun also has the complex that is divided into 3 yards (concept of Tri Mandala), namely: Nista Mandala (Jaba), Madya Mandala (Jaba Tengah), and Utama Mandala (Jeroan).
Jaba is an outer yard (the southernmost area) as a resting place where there are a beautiful garden, Wantilan (Balinese pavilion), ticket locket, a small pond with fountain, Bale Bengong, and Siluh Resi Temple.
Jaba Tengah is a middle yard with Balinese traditional statues which symbolize as Dewata Nawa Sanga (nine guardian deities who are stationed in every wind direction according to belief of the Hindus people) and also some pavilions, namely: Bale Loji, Bale Gong, Bale Kulkul, and Perantenan (kitchen).
Jeroan (main yard) has a shape of rectangular and stretches from north to south with stone walls on the sides and a large moat that surrounds the outside. There are some Pelinggih Meru (the multi-tiered roof shrines) and companion sacred building.
The following are the last entrance and parking fee of Taman Ayun.
Need to note that Taman Ayun is holy area for Balinese Hindu People. Every visitor is expected to wear a sarong (Balinese fabric that wrap around waist to ankle) and a shawl, which both may be rented near the entrance.
Bali Taman Ayun Temple is located at Ayodya Street, Mengwi District, Badung Regency. The map can be checked below for more detail.
If you stay in South Bali, you can hire a taxi or take a tour for getting Taman Ayun Temple. The taxi service usually costs from IDR 300.000 to IDR 500.000 and tour package is around IDR 550.000.
The following are some recommended places to visit near Taman Ayun.